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The major companies that grade sports cards are Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA), Beckett Grading Services (BGS), and Sports Card Guaranty (SCG). These are considered the top three grading services in the industry.

To get cards graded, you will need to package them carefully and submit them to one of the grading companies. Here are the basic steps:

Decide which grading company to use. All three companies have their own dedicated customer bases, so research each one to determine which best fits your needs. Things to consider include turnaround times, submission costs, popularity in the collecting community, and aesthetic aspects like the grade holder design.

Grade the card yourself. Before submitting, objectively analyze each card and assign your own unofficial grade based on its condition and appearance. Note any flaws. This allows you to have reasonable grading expectations and only submit cards you think can earn a worthwhile grade.

Prepare the cards for submission. Place each card in a standard acrylic card holder/sleeve to protect it. Make sure the card is inserted properly and is snug in the holder but not too tight. Point out any obvious flaws on the surface of the holder with a pen.

Package the cards securely. Use a rigid shipment mailer like a plastic box or envelope to prevent bends or damage during transit. Secure the card holders snugly inside with foam, paper, or bubble wrap to avoid excess movement.

Fill out the electronic or paper submission form. Provide all requested details like your customer account information, payment method, service level selected, and individual card descriptions. Note the level of grade expected for each.

Pay the submission fee. Pricing depends on factors like turnaround time, number of cards submitted, and membership status. Economy bulk submissions are cheapest but take longer. Rush options are more expensive.

Ship your cards to the grading company. Use a trackable carrier like USPS Priority or UPS/FedEx for security. Keep proof of shipping in case any issues arise. Include a printed copy of the submission form for reference.

Wait patiently for your grades. Typical turnaround even for economy submissions is 4-6 weeks on average currently due to high volumes. Check the grading company website for latest update timelines.

Receive your graded cards. The company will ship your cards back securely in new plastic slabs with paperwork listing the details of each including final assigned grade. Celebrate your strong grades and analyze any you may disagree with.

Register your slabs on the grading company’s website for added authenticity protection. PSA, BGS and SCG let you make high resolution images of your slabs available to help buyers verify authenticity online.

Market your highly graded vintage cards to eager collectors. Graded cards are prized by serious vintage collectors and speculators. Auction houses and major online marketplaces like eBay are great places to potentially profit from strong vintage grades over time. Proper insurance is highly advised due to high values involved.

Getting cards professionally graded is a great way to independently verify condition, enhance value and marketability, and encapsulate cherished cards in protective holders that preserve them long-term. With careful planning and submitting worthy material to trusted companies, the grading process is well worth it for serious collectors and investors. Taking the time for accurate submission, shipment, and post-grading registration helps maximize the benefits of this service.


The value of any collectible item is influenced by supply and demand. The overwhelming majority of baseball cards produced over the decades were not professionally graded or encased in protective holders known as slabs. Many of these raw, ungraded cards still exist in attics, basements, and collection boxes across the country. Since so many exist, the supply is high and the market values are generally lower compared to graded examples.

When a card is submitted to a respected third-party grading service like PSA, BGS, or SGC, it undergoes a rigorous authentication and grading process. Experts thoroughly examine the card to verify its authenticity and assign it a numerical grade based on its condition and state of preservation. Receiving a high grade, especially a “mint” grade of 9 or 10, suggests the card has survived in exceptionally well-preserved condition relative to others from the same set or year. With raw cards, condition can be difficult for potential buyers to properly assess without holding the physical card in hand.

By slabbing and authenticating cards, grading dramatically reduces risks for potential buyers. Counterfeiting and doctored cards have always posed issues in the collecting hobby. Slabs provide a secure holder that is tamper-evident, giving buyers confidence that the card inside is authentic and in the condition stated by the grade. This reduces uncertainty and risk, making collectors more comfortable paying a premium. It also creates standardization that allows for apples-to-apples comparison of similar cards across different transactions over time.

Perhaps most importantly, third-party certification markedly diminishes supply. When a card is graded and holders in a slab, it is effectively taken “off the market” and reserved for a single owner unless resubmitted for crossover to a different holder at some point. This rarity inherently increases demand and appetite among active collectors who want examples certified to the highest standards. With more collectors chasing fewer certified examples in a given population, market competition bids prices upward relative to unencumbered raw copies.

High-end investors and certain collecting segments almost exclusively seek out graded cards as well. While raw cards retain speculative value depending on condition, serious vintage collectors, Hall of Famers, and accredited museums largely prefer to acquire cards that have reputable third-party authentication and conformity certification via the grading process. This institutional “seal of approval” commands respect and provides documentation that strengthens provenance over time.

It’s also important to acknowledge that the grading scale itself is not perfectly objective. Even among highly trained experts, some degree of human subjectivity remains in assessing a card’s condition. One grader on a given day may view flecks or print qualities differently than another, resulting in occasional grading variability between services for statistically identical cards. Some experts argue this diminishes the reliability and meaning of numerical grades to a limited extent. On the whole, grading brings desired standardization that significantly outweighs any marginal inconsistencies.

The modern sports card boom that began in the late 1980s significantly accelerated the rise of third-party authentication as a game-changer. As speculative fever took hold, unscrupulous opportunists began altering raw cards en masse to manufacture rarity and drive up prices. This “juicing” gambit shattered consumer trust for a period. Grading arrived at the perfect time to restore confidence through accountable oversight of quality and condition assurances. Today, the major services like PSA and BGS have become de facto industry standard-bearers integral to the mainstream collecting arena.

While raw baseball cards retain foundational speculative value, graded examples almost always command higher market premiums. Independent certification diminishes supply through removal from the accessible pool, reduces risks/uncertainty for buyers, and provides validation prized by institutions, experts, and sophisticated market segments. Standardization boosts comparability and documentation of condition over generations. So while condition ultimately determines an item’s relative worth regardless of holder type, on balance, third-party certified and slabbed baseball cards have significantly more investment merit and shelf life than loose, uncertified counterparts in the eyes of discerning collectors and investors. This explains why properly graded examples from the sport’s most coveted eras usually demand higher prices at auction.


There are several professional grading services for baseball cards, with PSA and BGS being the two largest and most well-known companies. The costs to grade cards can vary depending on factors like turnaround time, value of the card, and level of grading service selected.

Both PSA and BGS offer various service levels with different pricing structures. The base or regular service takes several months to complete but is the most affordable option, while higher level express services provide faster turnaround times but at a higher cost. Most collectors opt for the basic service as the wait is worth saving money unless a card is exceptionally rare or valuable.

For PSA’s regular service, which they call their “Standard” level, the cost is $10 per card for the first card submitted and $8.50 for each additional card in the same submission order. The minimum submission amount is 10 cards. Turnaround time is typically 6-8 months currently due to high volumes. PSA also offers various Express services that are 2-4 weeks and cost $20-$50 per card depending on the specific Express tier selected.

BGS offers comparable pricing structures for their base and express submission options. For their “Regular” tier, which is equivalent to PSA’s standard level, the pricing is $12 per card for orders containing 10-24 cards. The price drops to $10 per card for orders of 25 cards or more. Bards submitted through BGS’s regular service usually take 4-6 months currently to be graded and returned.

BGS also has Day, Week, and Month express options that range from $25-$75 per card. Day submissions take 1 business day but cost $75 per card. Week submissions are $50 per card and take 5 business days, while Month level express is $25 per card and 2-4 weeks turnaround. Both PSA and BGS will charge additional fees if any submitted cards cross over size or value thresholds as well.

In addition to the grading fees, both companies charge shipping fees to transport the holder submission to their facilities and then return the now graded cards back to the customer. For PSA, domestic US shipping each way is around $15-25 depending on package size and value. International shipping costs vary based on destination country but usually start around $30 each way minimum.

BGS charges flat shipping rates for their submissions that are also usually in the $15-30 range domestically each way depending on package specifics. Their international shipping prices display on their website and can go up to over $100 each way for large, high value international shipments.

Collectors also need to factor in the costs of supplies needed for a submission like plastic submission holders, shipping supplies like boxes and packing materials, and labor involved in preparing all the cards. For a full submission of 100 raw cards carefully packaged and sent to PSA or BGS for their standard service, a collector should budget a minimum of $1500 total when including all grading fees, shipping costs, and supplies needed. For smaller submissions of 10-25 cards, $300-700 would be a typical estimated total cost.

Getting baseball cards professionally graded is an investment that ensures condition certification and preservation that can increase card values exponentially if high grades are received. The costs add up with fees and shipping, but collecting services from reputable companies like PSA and BGS provide authenticity and documentation that is invaluable to serious card collectors and investors over the long term. Careful planning of submission size, express needs, and budgeting for all associated costs is important to successfully have cards graded in the most cost effective manner possible.


The main service provided byProfessional Sports Authenticator (PSA) is grading your collectible trading cards on their quality, centering, corners, edges and surface on a scale of 1-10. The cost for this service varies based on factors like turnaround time, value of the card, and card quantities.

For a regular grading service, which has a 30-day turnaround, PSA charges $15 per card for the first 10 cards in an order. Orders with 11-30 cards cost $10 per card, and orders over 30 cards cost $8 per card. If you need your cards graded faster, PSA offers several expedited options for additional fees. Optium is a premium 7-day service that costs $50 per card for the first 10 cards, $40 for 11-30 cards, and $30 for over 30 cards. There is also a Rush option for a 15-day turnaround priced at $35, $25, and $20 per card respectively depending on quantities. For the fastest possible 2-3 day turnaround, PSA charges $100, $80 and $60 per card.

In addition to grading fees, there are also shipping costs to consider. USPS First Class Mail is free to send cards to PSA but more expensive methods like Priority Mail or Express would cost extra. Return shipping pricing depends on the declared value of the order. Declared values under $200 can use USPS First Class Mail return for free, while higher values require Priority Mail or Express which are priced per package based on weight. International shipping has additional customs and brokerage fees as well.

When it comes to card values, PSA has four tiers that determine label and case costs. Cards valued under $50 require a $5.00 label fee and are returned in a rigid plastic case for $1 per card. Cards from $50.01-$499.99 have a $10 label fee and come back in a plastic magnetic holder for $2 per card. High-value cards from $500-$999.99 are given a gold label for $15 and returned in a vinyl magnetic holder for $3 per card. The highest Platinum level for cards $1000 and up charges $20 per label and $5 per clear acrylic slider case.

Bulk submission discounts are another way to save money when grading large card collections or collections. Discounting starts at 25+ cards where the per card cost goes down by $1 and 50+ cards see a further $1 reduction. The biggest quantity discount applies to 300+ cards which saves $2 off regular pricing. PSA also runs periodic membership promotion discount programs where card collectors can enroll for a yearly fee to get discounted grading rates.

As you can see, when factoring in all the costs of grading like service fees, shipping prices, label and holder costs – having cards authenticated and graded by PSA is an investment that is most worthwhile for high-value cards expected to grade well. While somewhat expensive initially, a quality PSA grade typically increases the collector and resale value of a card significantly more than the grading cost. With careful planning to take advantage of bulk submission discounts or membership promotions, PSA remains the gold standard in the hobby for protecting your valuable baseball card investments long-term.


There are several factors to consider when deciding which baseball cards to grade. The main purpose of getting cards professionally graded is to authenticate they are real and encapsulate them to preserve their condition. This helps establish a certified grade which can significantly impact the card’s value. Generally, the best candidates will be high-value vintage and modern rookie cards in pristine condition.

For vintage cards from the 1800s-1980s, focus on the true star players and the rarest/most coveted sets from that era. This includes cards of Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Mickey Mantle, and other legends from the early decades of the game. Sets to target include the 1909-11 T206, 1911-13 T207, 1913 E134, 1914 Cracker Jack, 1915 Cracker Jack, 1916 and 1917 M101-4, 1933 Goudey, 1952 Topps, and 1957 Topps. Grading these iconic vintage cards can yield high returns if they grade well, as mint condition examples of the top names can fetch six-figure prices.

Within the last few decades, the best bets are rookie cards for all-time great players, especially if they went on to have Hall of Fame careers and succeeded in the postseason. Top modern rookie card candidates include Mariano Rivera, Derek Jeter, Ken Griffey Jr, Chipper Jones, Mike Pujols, and Robin Yount from the late 80s-90s; plus current superstars like Bryce Harper, Mookie Betts, Fernando Tatis Jr, Juan Soto and Ronald Acuña Jr. The higher the player’s stature and career accolades, the more desirable and valuable their rookie card.

In addition to star players, also consider submitting full sets from the most popular post-war issues that are showing signs of increasing demand long-term. The 1952, 1957, 1969, 1975, 1987, 1989, and 1991 Topps sets in pristine condition have tremendous grading appeal. For non-sports card collectors getting into the hobby, complete pristine sets can be intriguing and hold value extremely well as graded investments over the decades.

Focus first on your highest value cards before deciding what else is worth grading. Condition is key, so only submit true gems that have a realistic shot at earning the prestigious Mint 9 or Gem Mint 10 grade from Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA) or Beckett Grading Services (BGS). Anything graded lower than a PSA 8 or BGS 8.5 is unlikely to boost the card’s price enough to justify the grading costs involved. Carefully inspect cards under bright lighting for any flaws, defects, or imperfections that could dock points.

Make sure the potential upside financially makes sense. Check pop reports on the population of already graded examples to understand scarcity and market demand. There needs to be potential price premium from a high grade to outweigh the $15-30+ per card grading cost. Vintage cards in pristine condition often make great candidates due to rarity, while modern rookies & stars have the most room for potential appreciation over time. With enough homework, card grading can significantly increase the value of your collection’s crown jewels. The key is targeting your absolute highest quality examples from the most coveted players, sets, and eras.


The first step is to determine which cards you want to submit for grading. Only send in cards that you believe could potentially grade as gem mint (PSA 10) or near gem mint (PSA 9) condition. Sending in obviously lower grade cards will just be a waste of money. Take a close look at each card under good lighting and examine it for any flaws, scratches, dings, centering issues, etc. That will help you decide which have the best chance at the top grades.

Once you’ve selected the cards, you’ll need to purchase shipping supplies from PSA. They offer various submission package options depending on how many cards you want to grade. The packages include custom-cut cardboard holders, magnetic sheets to secure the cards in the holders, ID labels, and return boxes. You can purchase these online through the PSA website.

When your submission materials arrive, it’s time to prepare the cards. Place each card into its own cardboard holder. Make sure the card is centered both vertically and horizontally under the opening. Then securely affix it in place using the provided magnetic sheet. Fill out an identifier label for each card listing the player, year, set, and any other relevant details. Attach the label to the back of the holder below the card.

Once all your cards are cleanly and securely packed into holders with labels attached, it’s time to package them for shipping. Place the holders into the provided return box sequentially in their labeled order. Fill any empty space with shipping approved packing material like bubble wrap or air bags to prevent rattling during transit. Then seal up the box securely with clear shipping tape on all seams.

Print your prepaid shipping label or drop the box off at a PSA authorized shipping center. They offer discounted rates through Fedex or UPS. Be sure it’s sent with tracking and insured for the total declared value of your cards.

Upon receipt at PSA, your submission will be logged in and assigned a submission number. From there it will enter the grading process. PSA has strict standards and each card is carefully inspected under magnification by multiple experienced graders. They examine factors like centering, corners, edges, surface, and appearance. Any flaws affect the numerical grade from 1-10.

Once grading is complete, the turnaround time averages 2-4 months depending on submission volume and service level selected. But PSA can take upwards of 6-12 months for bulk orders or economy service during busy periods. You’ll receive an email notification when your graded cards return.

The cards will come back in new plastic display holders labeled with the PSA grade, your submission number for tracking, and a unique certificate number for each card. Review the grades closely and check they match your cards and labels. Although re-consideration is possible for obvious errors, PSA grades are not guaranteed and their decision is final.

Any questions about the return can be directed to PSA customer service for clarification. They aim to resolve issues professionally. With careful preparation and realistic expectations of turnaround, using PSA is the gold standard way for serious collectors to authenticate, grade, and slab iconic vintage and modern basketball cards destined for long-term preservation and investment. Let me know if any part of the process requires further explanation.


The first step in the process of getting baseball cards graded is to select which grading service you want to use. The three largest and most reputable services are Beckett Grading Services (BGS), Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA), and Hit Parade Grading (HPG). Each service examines cards differently and has its own grading scale, so it’s important to understand their methodology.

Once you’ve selected a service, you’ll need to register an account on their website if you don’t already have one. This involves providing some basic contact and billing information. The next step is to choose your grading submission method. Most services offer regular and economy submission options with different turnaround times and costs. Regular provides the fastest return typically within 30 days while economy can take 90 days but is cheaper.

Now you’ll need to carefully package your cards for submission. It’s crucial they are shipped safely and securely to avoid any damage in transit. Cards should be placed in rigid holders like penny sleeves or toploaders, and then surrounded by additional padding like paper or bubble wrap inside a solid cardboard mailer. Consider Registered Mail through the USPS for tracking and insurance.

On the grading service’s website, you’ll enter details for each individual card in your group submission like the player, year, set/issue and any noteworthy flaws or uniqueness. Be as detailed as possible here. You’ll then generate shipping labels and pay for the grading service. Prices vary per card but average $10-20 each depending on the tier chosen.

Once received, the cards go through a meticulous authentication and grading process. Experienced graders examine various aspects under bright lighting like centering, corners, edges and surface for any flaws or impairments. They will then assign a numerical grade on a scale, such as 1-10 for BGS or 1-10 for PSA. Slabbing involves securely encapsulating the card in a tamper-proof plastic case with the assigned grade clearly visible.

After grading, you’ll receive an email notification that your submission is complete. From there it’s shipped back to you, typically within the original estimated turnaround timeframe provided grades weren’t requested to be “hold for attribution” which takes more research. You can then track the return package on the shipping label.

Upon receiving back the graded cards, take time to admire the slabs and newfound protection for your investments. Carefully store them for long-term preservation of condition. Graded cards now have established professional quality assurance that helps lead to transparent pricing in the collecting marketplace. The grading process, while detailed, lends authenticity, authentication and standardized condition assessment.

Choosing a reputable service, carefully preparing cards for shipment, thoroughly detailing each for grading consideration, patiently awaiting return shipment with results – following this process helps baseball collectors properly authenticate, conservatively preserve, and impartially qualify the condition and value of their cherished cardboard pieces of history. With third-party impartiality and standardization, the hobby becomes all the more enjoyable and collectibles even more worthwhile investments.


There are a few key factors to consider when deciding which baseball cards to submit to a professional grading service like PSA or Beckett. The goal of getting a card graded is to professionally authenticate its condition and encase it to protect its condition over time. This helps establish the card’s value and makes it more desirable to potential collectors. Grading is not cheap and takes time, so you want to be strategic about which cards will provide the best return on your investment.

The most important thing to consider is the card’s condition. For a card to get a high grade that will increase its value significantly, it needs to be in extremely well-preserved condition. Look over the card closely under bright light and preferably a jeweler’s loupe to inspect for any flaws, marks, scratches, etc. The card should have sharp corners without any bends or dings. The surface should be clean and have no dirt or glossiness. Any flaws will negatively impact the grade. Lower grade cards may not be worth the cost of grading.

You’ll also want to factor in the particular card’s popularity and potential future demand. Focus on grading cards of star players, rookie cards, notable performances, or otherwise historically significant cards. Cards of obscure or less notable players may not attract as many potential buyers no matter the grade. Check recent sales data on the card to get a sense of whether strong collector demand exists currently. Grading cards of players with upcoming milestones or Hall of Fame inductions could add nice future appreciation.

Consider the supply and scarcity of high grade versions of that particular card already in the market. If PSA or BGS have already graded thousands of cards in Gem Mint 10 condition, additional high grade copies may be harder to sell at a premium. Rare and scarce vintage cards have the most upside potential. Research population reports from the grading services to understand rarity. Prospective cards from the earliest series like 1909-1911 T206 or 1914 Cracker Jack have the biggest potential.

You’ll also want to analyze estimated costs versus likely return. Account for the grading service’s fees, shipping costs both ways, and any insurance. For modern cards, the cost may outweigh potential profit depending on the card’s value. Condition census-level vintage cards can often justify four-figure investments in grading. Make sure to factor resale commissions and additional promotion costs if consigning to an auction house.

The card’s actual condition and attractiveness to collectors are most important. But it’s also strategic to target cards from vintage sets before mass production, of star players collecting milestones or with Hall of Fame inductions upcoming, and in overall categories like rookie cards that standard collectors seek. Do thorough research on supply, condition reports, and recent sales comps before submitting. With the right cards sent in, third-party grading can both authenticate condition and unlock significant value. But it’s an investment, so pick potential winners wisely based on their history and future demand potential to get the best returns. By considering all these factors together, you’ll be able to identify your baseball cards with the highest odds of a strong grade bringing a sizable profit.


Getting your baseball cards graded by PSA (Professional Sports Authenticator) is a great way to verify the condition and authenticity of vintage and modern cards. The PSA grading process ensures your cards areencapsulated in tamper-proof holders that protect them while also communicating their verified grade to potential buyers.

The first step is to choose which cards you want to submit for grading. PSA recommends choosing higher value cards worth $50 or more in their assigned grade. Consider the card’s condition, scarcity, and whether third party verification of its authenticity and grade may increase its value. Have realistic expectations of the likely PSA assigned grade based on the card’s condition compared to published population reports. Damaged cards are unlikely to grade highly.

Once you’ve chosen the cards, you’ll need to properly prepare them for submission. Handle the cards as little as possible by their edges and corners to avoid adding fingerprints or damage. Gently wipe the surfaces with a microfiber cloth to remove oils or fingerprints if needed. Make sure the cards are securely packed for shipment, with sturdy packaging and without the risk of bending, indenting or scratching during transit. PSA provides sample shipping packages and guidelines on their website to help.

You’ll need to register for a PSA account on their website and become familiar with their submission service levels and pricing policies. PSA offers various service levels from economy to express, with tradeoffs of waiting period and fees. Choose the appropriate service level based on your needs and budget. Feesare charged per card and are based on current service level rates.

With your PSA account ready, you can begin a new submission order and enter details of each card including any special grading notes. Carefully read PSA’s population report definitions for each assigned grade to ensure realistic expectations. You’ll need to specify the service level, provide payment and print shipping labels for your submission package. PSA recommends using their tape, labels and package templates for consistency.

Package the cards securely in the labeled shipping package and send it to PSA via a trackable carrier like UPS. Once received, PSA experts will carefully inspect and grade each card. The entire authentication and grading process may take 4-12 weeks depending on volume and the service level chosen. You’ll receive email status updates as the cards progress through their system.

After completing the grading process, the encapsulated and assigned-grade labeled cards are returned to you along with a detailed report recapping the process. Check the results thoroughly upon receipt, as PSA will stand by their assigned authenticity and condition grades. You now have professionally verified baseball cards encapsulated for protection that also communicate their verified market values to potential buyers down the road.

Getting baseball cards professionally authenticated and assigned accurate numeric grades by PSA is an invaluable service for serious collectors and investors. Following their detailed submission guidelines helps ensure a smooth experience. Taking care to choose cards likely to grade favorably also makes the most of the inspection fees required by the process. The verified confidence and holder protection provided in return makes this the gold standard for card grading.


Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA) is generally considered the gold standard in third-party grading for collectibles like sports cards. They have decades of experience assessing condition and have graded billions of cards. Some key aspects of using PSA:

PSA offers various service levels from economy to express depending on desired turnaround time. Economy takes several months while express can be 1-2 weeks but costs more.

Submitters can send cards in either as individuals, group submissions (usually smaller collections sent together), or larger bulk order submissions which provide discounts but take much longer to grade.

PSA uses a numeric 1-10 scale to grade card condition where 10 is flawless gem mint and 1 is poor. They will also designate qualifying cards as PSA GEM MINT 10 if they meet their strictest standards.

Graded PSA cards command a strong premium in the collecting market due to their reputation and brand. Grading fees tend to be higher than competitors. Standard card grading starts around $10-15 per card for economy level and can go much higher for special services.

Beckett Grading Services (BGS) is also a pioneer in the collectibles grading industry and highly respected for their standards. A few notes about using BGS:

Like PSA, BGS offers different turnaround options from value to express. Value takes 2-4 months while express is around 2 weeks. They recently introduced a new ultra-modern grading tier as well.

BGS uses a simpler 1-10 numeric scale for grades without qualification labels. They provide sub-grades from 1-5 or 1-4 for different aspects of condition like centering and corners under the overall grade.

Submission fees per card tend to be slightly lower than PSA on average, starting at $8-10 currently for individuals in value tier. Group bulk order savings are also available.

Graded BGS slabs are immensely popular on resale marketplaces due to clear communication of condition through the sub-grading system. However, PSA cards may realize a bit higher prices in some categories.

Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS) started in the rare coin market but has since branched into other collectibles like trading cards. Some notes on PCGS grading:

They introduced a dedicated sports card service about 5 years ago which has grown steadily in popularity each year. PCGS Set Registry is also a popular program.

Turnaround times and fee structures are similar to the coin side of the business, ranging from 30 day economy to 7 day express with per card fees of $10-25 depending on tier and bulk order options.

PCGS uses the same familiar 70 point Sheldon scale that coin collectors know well, grades run from 1-70, to assess card condition. A grade of Mint State/Gem Mint 65 would be the equivalent of a PSA or BGS 9.

Submitters appreciate the option of one-stop shopping to also have coins and cards graded together in one shipment using a grading service they already know and trust from other collecting areas.

Some additional smaller companies to consider include SGC which offers lower pricing, or European based graders like Sportscard GB which specialize more in international soccer/football cards. Overall though, PSA, BGS and PCGS remain the most well known and seen as providing the strongest resale value for graded baseball cards due to their leading reputations in the industry. With any of these major graders, it’s best to carefully research their particular standards and policies to pick the best fit for your collection needs and budget. Proper preparation and having realistic expectations for grades are also advised when deciding whether to have cards professionally assessed.

In summary, PSA, BGS and PCGS are the leading professional third-party grading services for baseball cards that provide reliable authentications of condition and assign grades to standardize the marketplace. The fees and turnaround times differ at each depending on submission tier, but all have spent decades building their reputations and brand recognition that can add value to eligible cards in collector’s portfolios. Submitters should weigh their options carefully based on needs and budget, while continuing to appreciate cards raw or in ungraded holders if formal assessment is not required. Professional grading remains a personal choice for adding verification that can potentially raise secondary market prices for high-quality pieces.